Publication Ethics & Malpractice Statement

Publication Ethics & Malpractice Statement

Publisher and Editors

As scholarly journal publisher and editors, we uphold the highest ethical standards in all our practices. We are committed to maintaining the integrity of the research we publish and the privacy and confidentiality of our authors, reviewers, and readers. To fulfill this commitment, we pledge to adhere to the following ethical statements:

>> Editorial independence: We maintain editorial independence and will not allow any external influences to compromise the quality, objectivity, or accuracy of our published research.
>> Peer review: We ensure that all research we publish undergoes rigorous peer review by qualified experts in the relevant fields. We strive to maintain the confidentiality of our reviewers and to protect their anonymity if requested.
>> Authorship: We require that all authors of research submitted to us meet the criteria for Authorship, as defined by international guidelines. We also require that all authors disclose any potential conflicts of interest that could influence their research.
>> Plagiarism and fraud: We are committed to preventing plagiarism and fraud in all forms. We require that all research submitted to us be original, not previously published, or under review elsewhere. We also require that authors acknowledge all sources of funding for their research.
>> Transparency: We are committed to being transparent in our practices and policies. We make our policies regarding peer review, editorial decisions, and publishing procedures readily available to our authors, reviewers, and readers.
>> Diversity and inclusion: We are committed to promoting diversity and inclusion in all publishing practices. We welcome submissions from researchers of all backgrounds and strive to ensure that our editorial and review processes are free from bias and discrimination.
>> Correction and retraction: We acknowledge that errors and mistakes can occur in research, and we are committed to correcting them promptly and transparently. If errors or mistakes are discovered after publication, we will issue corrections or retractions as appropriate.

We believe that upholding these ethical statements is essential to maintaining the trust of our authors, reviewers, and readers. We will continue to review and update our policies and practices to ensure we meet the highest ethical standards in all our publishing endeavors.


Reviewers play a critical role in maintaining the quality and integrity of academic research. Reviewers shall recognize the importance of upholding the highest ethical standards in their work and pledge to adhere to the following ethical statements:

>> Confidentiality: Reviewers shall respect the confidentiality of the peer review process and the manuscripts they handle. Reviewers will not disclose any information related to the manuscripts or the review process unless authorized by the relevant parties or required by law.

>> Objectivity and impartiality: Reviewers shall strive to evaluate manuscripts based solely on their academic merit, without regard to factors such as authors' race, gender, nationality, or institutional affiliation. Reviewers shall disclose any potential conflicts of interest that may influence the review and refrain from handling manuscripts if necessary.

>> Timeliness: Reviewers shall recognize the importance of timely review and strive to complete the reviews within the agreed>> upon timeframe. If reviewers cannot meet the deadline, they shall inform the editors promptly and provide an estimated timeline for completion.

>> Constructive feedback: Reviewers shall provide constructive feedback to the authors that helps improve the quality of the manuscript. Reviewers refrain from making personal attacks or derogatory comments.

>> Originality and plagiarism: Reviewers shall ensure that the manuscripts they handle are original, not previously published, or under review elsewhere. Reviewers shall promptly report any suspected plagiarism or fraud to the editors.

>> Professionalism: Reviewers shall conduct themselves professionally in all aspects of work as reviewers. Reviewers shall treat the authors and their work with respect and provide feedback that is both constructive and objective.


 Journal policies on Authorship and contributorship

 Authorship credit should be based on any or all of the following:

1) Substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and   3) Final approval of the version to be published.

All persons designated as authors should qualify for Authorship, and all those who qualify should be listed. The contributions of all authors must be described. The submitting author is responsible for providing the contributions of all authors at submission. We expect that all authors will have reviewed, discussed, and agreed to their contributions ahead of this time. Contributions will be published with the final article and should accurately reflect contributions to the work. This elaboration is based on COPE's principle of Authorship and contributorship.

 Contributor Role:  There should be a Role Definition for each author.

Conceptualization: All authors should develop ideas and formulate or evolve research goals and aims.

Data Curation: All authors manage activities to annotate (produce metadata), scrub data, and maintain research data for initial use and later re-use.

Funding Acquisition:  All authors should declare the acquisition of financial support for the project leading to this publication.

Investigation: All authors should conduct research and investigation processes, explicitly performing the experiments or data/evidence collection.

Methodology :   All authors should present the development or design of methodology the creation of models.

Project Administration:  All authors manage and coordinate responsibility for the research activity planning and execution.

Supervision: There should be oversight and leadership responsibility for the research activity planning and execution, including mentorship external to the core team.

Validation: There should be verification, whether as a part of the activity or separately.

Visualization:  The published work should be prepared, created, and presented, specifically in visualization/data presentation.

Writing – Original Draft Preparation: The published work should be created and presented, explicitly writing the initial draft (including substantive translation).

Writing – Review & Editing: There should be preparation, creation, and/or presentation of the published work by those from the original research group, specifically critical review, commentary or revision – including pre- or post-publication stages.



Authors shall uphold the highest ethical standards in all aspects of their research. Authors recognize that their work has a significant impact on the academic community and society as a whole. Therefore, authors shall pledge to adhere to the following ethical statements:

>> Originality and authenticity: Authors shall ensure that their work is original and authentic and acknowledge all sources used in their research. Authors do not engage in plagiarism or any other forms of academic misconduct.

>> Accuracy and integrity: Authors shall strive to ensure the accuracy and integrity of their research. Authors present their findings honestly and accurately and do not manipulate data or results to support their hypotheses or arguments.

>> Consent and ethical considerations: Authors shall obtain appropriate ethical approval and informed consent for their research involving human subjects, animals, or other sensitive topics. Authors shall ensure that their research is conducted following relevant guidelines and regulations.

>> Acknowledgment and attribution: Authors shall acknowledge and attribute the contributions of all individuals and organizations that have contributed to their research. Authors do not misrepresent the contributions of others or claim credit for work that is not their own.

>> Conflict of interest: Authors shall disclose any potential conflicts of interest that may influence their research. Authors do not accept funding or other forms of support that may compromise their academic integrity or independence.

>> Responsiveness and cooperation: Authors shall respond promptly and cooperatively to requests for information or clarification related to their research. Authors shall acknowledge and address any errors or mistakes in their work promptly and transparently.

>> Social Responsibility: Authors shall consider their research's potential impact on society and ensure that their findings are communicated clearly and effectively to the public.

>> Respect and professionalism: Authors shall treat editorial colleagues, reviewers, and editors with respect and professionalism in all aspects of their interactions. Authors shall provide constructive feedback and engage in scholarly discourse that is both respectful and constructive.


 How the journal handles complaints and appeals

REGISTER JOURNAL follows the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines on appeals to journal editor decisions and complaints about a journal's editorial management of the peer review process. If you wish to appeal a journal editor's decision, please submit an appeal letter to the journal's online editorial office. Please address this to the Editor and explain the basis for an appeal. You should:

 Detail why you disagree with the decision. Please provide specific responses to any of the Editor's and/or reviewers' comments that contributed to the rejection decision.

  • Provide any new information or data you would like the journal to consider.
  • Provide evidence if you believe a reviewer has made technical errors in assessing your manuscript.
  • Include evidence if a reviewer may have a conflict of interest.

 This elaboration is based on COPE's principle of Complaints and appeals


Journal policies on conflicts of interest / competing interests

A competing interest — often called a conflict of interest — exists when professional judgment concerning a primary interest (such as patients' welfare or the validity of research) may be influenced by a secondary interest (such as financial gain or personal rivalry). It may arise for the authors of an article in REGISTER JOURNAL when they have a financial interest that may influence, probably without their knowing, their interpretation of their results or those of others. We believe that to make the best decision on dealing with an article, we should know about any competing interests that authors may have and that if we publish the article, readers should know about them, too.

REGISTER JOURNAL Policies on Data Sharing and Reproducibility

REGISTER JOURNAL Editors strongly encourage authors to include additional material data sets and codes that demonstrate the results shown in their final article. REGISTER JOURNAL journal editors may set their policies based on this broad principle, and authors may request a waiver for reasons of confidentiality or security.

REGISTER JOURNAL also introduces a basic data-sharing policy across all its journal titles. This policy will encourage authors to share and make the data underlying their published article publicly available when it does not violate the protection of human subjects or other valid subject privacy concerns.

Authors will be further encouraged to cite any data referenced in their paper. Whether this has been created by the author or someone else, cited data sets should be included in the reference list. Finally, authors will be encouraged to include a data availability statement. Data-sharing policies will be set at the journal level in consultation with editors, relevant societies, or other stakeholders.

Journal's policy on ethical oversight 

The journal is committed to upholding the highest ethical standards in research publication. The journal attaches importance to ethical values such as honesty, excellence in research practice, transparency, open communication, and respect. It follows the guidelines set by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The authors agree to follow its ethical guidelines by submitting a manuscript to the journal.

Authorship: Anyone who has made a substantial contribution to the conception or design of the work or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of the data; drafts the work or revises it critically; approves the final version of the work; agrees to be accountable for all aspects of the work should be listed as an author of the manuscript. Anyone who contributed to the work but failed to meet the authorship criteria should be acknowledged. The corresponding author is the person who handles the correspondence during the publication process and has the authority to act on behalf of all co-authors in all matters related to the publication of the article. The corresponding author serves as the main point of contact for any inquiries after the article is published.

Conflict of Interest: To ensure that the articles published in the journal are free from inappropriate external influence, authors must declare any potential conflict of interest that may affect the objectivity or integrity of the article. These conflicts may be financial, non-financial, professional, or personal.

Funding: Authors must provide details of the funding source received during the manuscript preparation as the funding and grant-awarding bodies require.

Studies Involving Human Subjects: Studies involving human subjects must abide by institutional and national policies for ethical conduct and include proper documentation such as ethical committee approvals, informed consent, and other legal permissions.

Ethical Oversight: Research works that include potentially hazardous chemicals or procedures must clearly state the details. If necessary, the submission must be accompanied by the appropriate ethical documentation.

Data Sharing and Availability: The journal expects the authors to be open and transparent about the data, code, or other materials related to the published content. To ensure that the findings of the study are reproducible and reliable, authors are encouraged to deposit data in a suitable repository and describe where the data may be found.

Advertising: The journal allows limited and targeted advertising on its website to promote selected research content published by the journal publisher exclusively.

Complaints and Appeals: Anyone who may be concerned that publication ethics guidelines or principles are not followed should raise their complaints and appeals with details and documents about the case. Complaints and appeals should be directed to All complaints and appeals will be handled rigorously according to COPE's best practices.

Corrections and Retractions: The journal will publish a corrigendum or an erratum if an error is found during post-publication. Retractions are issued if the errors are significant and results and conclusions are no longer reliable. Suppose serious ethical malpractices such as plagiarism and duplication are discovered in a published article. In that case, the journal reserves the right to retract the article and take up the matter with relevant academic bodies or institutions.


Intellectual Property, Copyright, and Licensing Policy

Intellectual Property and Copyright

Authors certify that their submitted manuscript (and any supporting items) are their own intellectual property, and the copyright has not been transferred to others. Authors certify that the manuscript contains no plagiarism, fabrication, falsification, or manipulated citations and conforms to REGISTER JOURNAL authorship policies. Authors certify that for any copyrighted tables, figures, data, text, etc., permission has been obtained from the copyright holders to reproduce.

All manuscripts, revisions, drafts, and galleys remain the intellectual property of the author(s). Except as stated in the agreed license, the author(s) retain the copyright to their work. Authors retain the full right to modify, reshare, repost, or archive any version of their copyrighted work. All review comments and reports remain the intellectual property of the reviewer or Editor. Except as stated in the agreed license, the author(s) retain the copyright to their work. Authors, reviewers, and editors agree to keep all communications, comments, or reports from reviewers or editors confidential. Reviewers and editors agree to keep all manuscripts, revisions, and drafts confidential, except the final published galley(s).


Authors agree that all accepted manuscripts, galleys, and submitted supporting documents are immediately and irrevocably released under a Creative Commons (CC BY-SA 4.0) license. The license will be indicated on the front page of each online article galley. The license will also be indicated within each issue of the print edition.


Suspicion of violations of this policy should be made to the editor-in-chief via the Complaints and Appeals process.

Journal's options for post-publication discussions and corrections

REGISTER JOURNAL recognizes the significance of post-publication discussions on published research, and our journals are open to such discussions. Post-publication discussions may be published online after review and are usually accompanied by a response from the original authors. Instructions to authors, available at individual journals' websites, may be referred to for details of submission criteria and peer review process for post-publication discussions.

Handling Post-Publication Matters:

To maintain the integrity of scientific research, REGISTER JOURNAL carries out investigations regarding the concerns raised by authors or readers. However, authors are always allowed to respond to all complaints/ comments. We may require reviewers to review the original data and consult with experts to solve and conclude the investigation. The following actions may be taken depending on Post-publication discussions  and corrections regarding the severity of the issue:

A Corrigendum may be published.

An Editor's Note and/or Editorial Expression of Concern may be published; a second notification might also be published once the investigation is complete.

The article may be retracted.

If the investigation outcome highlights serious issues, such as fraud or academic misconduct, then the author's institution may be informed about the matter.

REGISTER JOURNAL does not intend to target any individual; its goal is to ensure transparency. The readers may, instead, be referred to the concerned reports of the institutional investigation, but only if these are publicly made available. While the investigation is in progress, which usually takes time to conclude, an Editor's Note is published to notify the readers about the criticism received in respect of the published article as recommended by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Editor's Notes are replaced by publishing a revision―such as a corrigendum or retraction―once a decision is finalized after a complete investigation. An Editor's Note is a message for the readers if the journal has launched an investigation in case of concerns raised on the published content. It is just an online update and is not indexed.