A Child Language Acquisition in Indonesian and English Language: A Longitudinal case study

somariah fitriani

Abstract


Learning a dual language at the same time during early childhood has caused the wrong perception. Its false perception makes the parents delay the start of learning a second /foreign language. Therefore, This study aims at analyzing the first and second language acquisition of a child in the Indonesian Language and English. The issues concentrated on the spoken utterances in Indonesian and English and its affecting factors. The research adopted a qualitative approach by using a case study, as the unit analysis is a child of 3 years old. For data collection, I employed The naturalistic approach, which I kept daily notes on the progress of a child’s linguistic and recorded the dialogues. Since it is a longitudinal study, the research was conducted for two years, from 2014 to 2015. The research has revealed that utterances spoken have primarily increased and the child has already understood the commands by following the instructions. Some concepts such as feeling, taste, color, and numbers as well as short phrases and simple words in Indonesian and English at the same time can be understood and uttered.  She also can change the affirmative sentence to question in term of objects she sees in her surrounding. Factors such as linguistic inputs, imitation, environment, and significant others as exposure, and language acquisition device affect a child utterance. Thus, it indicates that two languages can be taught at the same time at an early age, and it doesn’t cause misunderstanding or confusion

utterance, language acquisition, exposure, L1 and L2


Full Text:

PDF

References


AlHammadi, F.S (2017). Prediction of child language development: A review of literature in early childhood communication disorders. Lingua Volume 199, Pp. 27-35.

Ambridge, B., Kidd, E., Rowland C.F., & Theakston, A.L. (2015). The ubiquity of frequency effects in first language acquisition. Journal of Child Language. 42, 239–273. Doi: 10.1017/S030500091400049X

Bialystok, E., & Martin, M. (2004). Attention and inhibition in bilingual children: Evidence from The dimensional change card sort task. Developmental Science, 7, 325–339

Boey, L.K. (1975). An Introduction to Linguistics for the Language Teacher. Monograph Series. SEAMEO Singapore: Singapore University Press

Brown, H.D. (1994). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching. New Jersey: Prentice Hall Regent

Brown, D. H. (2000). Principles of language learning & teaching. (4th ed.). New York: Longman.

Brown, H. D. (2007). Principles of language learning and teaching. 5th ed. New York: Pearson Education.

Carlson, Neil R & William Buskist. (1997). Psychology: The Science of Behavior. USA: Allyn and Bacon

Chomsky, N. (1965). Aspects of theory of syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Creswell, J.W. (2007). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. 2nd edition. USA: Sage

Cummins, J. (1981). The role of primary language development in promoting educational success for language minority students. In California State Department of Education (Ed.), Schooling and language Assessment Center.

Foley, J., & Thompson, L. (2003). Language learning: A lifelong process. London: Arnold.

Fromkin, V., Rodman, R., & Hyams, N. (2010). Introduction to linguistics. Philippines: Cengage Learning Asia.

Fromkin, V., Robert R & Nina H. (2003). An Introduction to Language. USA: Thomson Wadsworth

Genesee, F. (2008). Early Dual Language Learning. Zero to three Training Institute conference. Retrieved from http// www.zerotothree.org.

Genesee, F., & Gandara, P. (1999). Bilingual education programs: A cross-national perspective. Journal of Social Issues, 55, 665–685.

Genesee, F., Boivin, I.,& Nicoladis, E. (1996).Talking with strangers: A study of bilingual children’s communicative competence. Applied Psycholinguistics, 17, 427–442.

Goldstein, H. (1984). Effects of modeling and corrected practice in generative language learning of preschool children. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 49, pp.389-398. doi :10.1044/jshd.4904.389

Green, M., & Piel, J. (2016). Theories of human development: A comparative approach (2nd ed.). New York: Routledge

Harry, B. (1992). Developing cultural self-awareness: The first step in values clarification for early interventionists. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 12(3), 333–350

Heidar, D. M. (2012). First language acquisition: Psychological considerations and epistemology. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 2(2), pp. 411-416. doi:10.4304/tpls.2.2.411-416

Hirsh-Pasek, K. et al. (2015) The contribution of early communication quality to low-income children’s language success. Psychological Science. 26, 1071–1083

Hoff, E. (2001). Language development. Belmont: Thompson Learning, Inc.

Hoff, E. (2003). The Specifity of Environmental Influence: Socioeconomic Status Affect Early Vocabulary Development via Maternal Speech. Child Development. 74, 1368-1378

Johnson, M. (2004). A Philosophy of second language acquisition. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Krashen, S. D. (1988). Second Language Acquisition and Second Language Learning.

Hertfordshire: Prentice Hall.

Krashen, S. (2003). Explorations in language acquisition and use: The Taipei Lectures. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

Lee, J.S & Jeong, E. (2013). Korean–English dual language immersion: perspectives of students, parents and teachers. Language, Culture and Curriculum, 26:1, 89-107, DOI: 10.1080/07908318.2013.765890

Lin, C.Y., Cheng, C. & Wang, M. (2018). The Contribution of Phonological and Morphological Awareness in Chinese-English Bilingual Reading Acquisition. Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, Volume 31, No.1 pp.99-132. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11145-017-9775-8

Miles, M. B., Huberman, A. M., & Saldana. J. (2014). Qualitative Data Analysis: A Sourcebook. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage

Moon, J. (2000). Children learning English. Oxford: Macmillan Publishers Ltd.

Mushi, S. (2002) Acquisition of Multiple Languages Among Children of Immigrant Families: Parents' Role in the Home-School Language Pendulum, Early Child Development and Care, 172:5, 517-530, DOI: 10.1080/03004430214546

Nordquist, R. (April 14, 2018). Language acquisition in children: Glossary of Grammatical and Rhetorical Terms. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/what-is-language-acquisition-1691213

Orillos, L. Q. (1998). Language acquisition theories, principles, and research. Quezon City: UPOU.

Pinker, S. (1995). Language Acquisition. Retrieved from http://users.ecs.ac.uk/harnad/papers

Reali, F. & Christiansen, M.H. (2007) Processing of relative clauses is made easier by frequency of occurrence. Journal of Memory and Language 57 (2007) 1–23

Rowe, M. (2012) A longitudinal exploration of the role of quantity and quality of child-directed speech in vocabulary development. Child Development. 83, 1762–1774

Rowe, M. et al. (2016) Going beyond input quantity: Wh-questions matter for toddlers’ language and cognitive development. Cognitive Science. 41, 162–179

Shuttleworth, M. (2008). Case Study Research Design. Retrieved from https://explorable.com/case-study-research-design

Tahriri, A. (2013). Revisiting first language acquisition through empirical and rational perspectives. International Journal of Social Science & Education, 3(3), pp. 677-682.

Tong, X; McBride, C; Ho, C.S; Waye, M.M.Y.; Chung, K.KH; Wong, S.W.L; Chow, B. W.Y. (2018). Within and Cross-Language Contributions of Morphological Awareness to Word Reading and Vocabulary in Chinese-English Bilingual Learners. Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, vol. 31 no. 8 pp. 1765-1786. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11145-017-9771-z

Weisleder, A. and Fernald, A. (2013) Talking to children matters: early language experience strengthens processing and builds vocabulary. Psychological Science. 24, 2143–2152

Wray, A & Bloomer, A. (2006). Project in Linguistics: Practical Guide to Researching Language. London: Hodder Education.

Yin, R. K. (2003). Case Study Research: Design and Methods. (3rd ed). California: Sage

Publication, Inc.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18326/rgt.v12i2.126-156

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Register Journal

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/

English Education Department, State Institute for Islamic Studies (IAIN) Salatiga, Indonesia 1979-8903 (Print) and 2503-040X : (Online)
In the aim of improving the quality of the Journal since 19th October 2016 this journal officially had made cooperation with ELITE Association Indonesia (The association of Teachers of English Linguistics, Literature & Education). See The MoU Manuscript.

  Click for More....

Creative Commons License
REGISTER JOURNAL : http://journalregister.iainsalatiga.ac.id/ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License